Mafiya (Russian organized crime syndicates)
MANOVA = Multivariate analysis of variance
mark up / markup / marked-up
- Mark up is a verb: The conferees met to mark up the legislation. Our dealership does not mark up the price of new automobiles.
- The noun form is markup: The conferees have completed their markup of the legislation. The dealership tried to convince customers that their pricing of new automobiles contained no hidden markup.
- The hyphenated form marked-up is correct for an adjective preceding the noun it modifies. The marked-up legislation will be introduced on the floor of the House. The marked-up prices were advertised as dealer costs.
marketplace / Marketplace (see Online Marketplace)
Bill Martin Jr
(Note: no period after Jr, except at the end of sentence or in reference list; no comma between Martin and Jr)
Master of Science degree = MS degree
MasterCard (According to EEI, we should not be using the ®.)
MBD = minimal brain dysfunction
meaning making (n.)
Member / Membership
- Use capital "M"
- After ILA: ILA Member or ILA Membership
- To describe a specific category of Member or membership type: Basic Member or Basic Membership, Online Member or Online Membership
- "Member" or "Membership" stands alone as a noun: When you become a Member, you get access to…, With your Membership, you get many benefits…
- Use lowercase "m" when "member" or "membership" is used as an adjective
- member benefits, member number, membership benefits, membership resources
- To renew your Membership, simply renew online or fill out the attached membership form. When your Membership expires, you will lose access to all of your membership benefits.
member of the Board, Board member
member of Congress
Compounds with the prefix meta- are usually closed (CMS 15th, 7.90):
metacognition, metadiscourse, metacognitive, metaphysics, metaknowledge
but meta-analysis (not metanalysis)
A figure of speech in which one object or activity is defined as if it were another. Common examples: ideas as seeds, planted in the fertile soil of a child’s imagination; skills as tools that need to be honed or kept sharp; reading as a journey into new territory, and so on. See mixed metaphor.
Mexican American (no hyphen)
MI = multiple intelligences
but mid–19th century
midday (Closed as adjective or noun. We didn’t believe this one, but our dictionaries were agreed.)
This phrase, like high school and elementary school, should not be hyphenated, even when used as an adjective. Thus, She is a teacher of high school English and middle school language arts.
middle years (no hyphen as adjective)
milieus (preferred plural form of milieu)
Millennials (alternate name for Generation Y)
mind read (v.)
mind reading (n.)
Compounds formed with the prefix mini- are normally closed (CMS 15th, 7.90):
miniconference, minilesson, minicourse, minisession, minigrant, miniworkshop, miniproject
minimal brain dysfunction = MBD
An error in coherence that occurs when illogical, inconsistent, or inappropriate metaphorical characteristics are ascribed to an object or action. Example:
- This groundbreaking study covers only the tip of the iceberg, but it gives us all something to build on. By leaving no stone unturned, the author sheds light on a slippery topic, giving us plenty of food for thought along the way.
- Sometimes, even a single metaphor can be used in an incoherent or illogical manner. Consider the following title, for example: “Unlocking the Keys to Success.”
moneys / monies Both forms are acceptable.
MOO = MUD, Object Oriented
moon (not capitalized)
more than / over
A distinction was formerly made between more than and over, in which more than was used with countable items and over with noncountable amounts. But most dictionaries, commentators, and writers now consider the two interchangeable. Use whichever you prefer.
MS degree = Master of Science degree
MUD = multi-user domain
MUD, Object Oriented = MOO
Compounds beginning with the prefix multi- are normally closed (CMS 15th, 7.90):
multicultural, multilevel, multiethnic, multimedia, multifaceted, multiphase, multilingual, multimodal
multiple intelligences = MI
multi-user domain = MUD
Multivariate analysis of variance = MANOVA
- Of all the reflexive pronouns, myself is the most commonly misused. As a reflexive pronoun, myself cannot be used as the subject of a clause or a sentence (although it can be used as an appositive of the subject). Use “I” instead:
- incorrect: The other investigators and myself visited the classroom frequently.
- correct: The other investigators and I visited....
- correct: As lead investigator, I, myself, rarely visited....
- Myself and other reflexive pronouns cannot be used as direct objects, indirect objects, or objects of prepositions, unless the subject refers to the same person. Use “me” instead:
- incorrect: The university honored my coworkers and myself for our achievement.
- correct: The university honored my coworkers and me....
- correct: I surprised even myself with that accomplishment.
- incorrect: No one will know your score but myself
- correct: No one will know your score but me.