What Research Has to Say About Fluency Instruction
Instruction and Development of Reading Fluency in Struggling Readers
Irene W. Gaskins
The goal of fluency is not only fast and accurate reading of words. Fluent readers do this, of course—but, more important, they free up cognitive capacity for the job of comprehension of text, on both surface and deeper levels. The authors of this chapter highlight instructional approaches teachers can try to improve fluency, and thus comprehension, among struggling readers. Each approach has been tested in classrooms at the Benchmark School, an exemplary school dedicated to improving the success of struggling readers in grades 1 through 8.
Pressley, M., Gaskins, I.W., & Fingeret, L. (2006).
Instruction and Development of Reading Fluency in Struggling Readers.
In S. Samuels, & A.E. Farstrup (Eds.), What Research Has to Say About Fluency Instruction (pp. 47-69). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.