What Research Has to Say About Reading Instruction
Reading Fluency: Its Development and Assessment
S. Jay Samuels
Fluent readers recognize printed words quickly, effortlessly, and almost unconsciously. As a result, they are able to read aloud with speed, accuracy, and expression. This ability, in turn, is critical to reading comprehension: Fluency reduces the need for text processing devoted to word identification, and allows the reader to attend actively to comprehension. In this chapter, the author stresses the critical importance of supporting children's development of fluency and provides a detailed description of repeated readings, a strategy designed to increase automaticity in word identification and recognition. He concludes with tips on assessing students' level of fluency.
Samuels, S. (2002).
Reading Fluency: Its Development and Assessment.
In A.E. Farstrup, & S. Samuels (Eds.), What Research Has to Say About Reading Instruction (pp. 166-183). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.