Text Complexity

Raising Rigor in Reading


Douglas Fisher, Nancy Frey, and Diane Lapp


ABOUT THE AUTHORS

FOREWORD

Abstract Chapter 1
PDF Text Complexity Is the New Black
FREE!

Text Complexity Defined

Revisiting How We Match Readers and Texts

Text Complexity and the Common Core State Standards

The Case for Struggle

Conclusion

Chapter 2
Quantitative Measures of Text Complexity

Word-Level Analysis

Sentence-Level Analysis

Conventional Readability Formulas

Readability Formulas That Also Measure Readers

Measuring Coreference and Cohesion

Cautions and Criticisms of Readability Formulas

Readability for Early Readers

Conclusion

Chapter 3
Qualitative Measures of Text Complexity

Considerate Texts

But Not All Texts Are Considerate

Levels of Meaning and Purpose

Structure

Language Conventionality and Clarity

Knowledge Demands

Returning to The Hunger Games, Qualitatively

Cautions and Criticisms of Qualitative Analysis of Text Complexity

Conclusion

Chapter 4
Matching Readers to Texts and Tasks

Exploring the Reader

Exploring the Task

Exploring the Question

Types of Questions Matter

Shifting Expectations

Cautions and Criticisms of Matching Readers With Texts and Tasks

Conclusion

Chapter 5
A Close Reading of Complex Texts

Close Reading

Close Reading Up Close in Fourth Grade: "Post-it Notes"

Close Reading Up Close in Ninth Grade: "The Road Not Taken"

Conclusion

INDEX

Text Complexity

Buy this Book

Nonmembers: $24.95
Members: $19.95
Members save $5.00!

BUY THIS E-BOOK

Buy This E-Book at Amazon.com Buy This E-Book at BN.com Buy This E-Book at iBooks Get it on on Google Play

Copyright Permission

To reuse content from this title

Home| About IRA| Contact Us| Help| Privacy & Security| Terms of Use

© 1996–2014 International Reading Association. All rights reserved.